Once Upon a Time in America (10.13.13)

This week in United States history…

October 13

  • 1775: The Continental Navy is established by the Continental Congress. The Continental Navy was later renamed the United States Navy.
  • 1983: The 1st cellular network is launched in Chicago, Illinois by Ameritech Mobile Communications.

October 14

  • 1947: Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier for the 1st time in the Bell X-1, the Glamorous Glennis, in southern California.
  • 1982: The American War on Drugs is proclaimed by President Ronald Reagan.

October 15

  • 1966: The Black Panther organization is created by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in Oakland, California to protect black neighborhoods from police brutality.

October 16

  • 1781: Yorktown, Virginia is captured by General George Washington, ending the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1859: John Brown leads 21 men in a raid on a federal arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia.
  • 1923: The Walt Disney Corporation is founded by Walt and Roy Disney.
  • 1973: Henry Kissinger is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for the part he took in the Paris Agreement that brought about a cease-fire in the Vietnam War.

October 17

  • 1919: Electronics corporation Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is incorporated in New York City.
  • 1931: Gangster Al Capone is convicted of income tax evasion.
  • 1933: Albert Einstein emigrates to the United States.
  • 1979: The Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services is created by the Department of Education Organization Act.

October 18

  • 1867: The United States takes possession of Alaska after buying it from Russia for $7.2 million.
  • 1898: The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico following the defeat of Spain in the Spanish-American War.

October 19

  • 1789: John Jay is sworn in as the 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
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