This week in United States history…
- 1775: The Continental Navy is established by the Continental Congress. The Continental Navy was later renamed the United States Navy.
- 1983: The 1st cellular network is launched in Chicago, Illinois by Ameritech Mobile Communications.
- 1947: Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier for the 1st time in the Bell X-1, the Glamorous Glennis, in southern California.
- 1982: The American War on Drugs is proclaimed by President Ronald Reagan.
- 1966: The Black Panther organization is created by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in Oakland, California to protect black neighborhoods from police brutality.
- 1781: Yorktown, Virginia is captured by General George Washington, ending the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War.
- 1859: John Brown leads 21 men in a raid on a federal arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia.
- 1923: The Walt Disney Corporation is founded by Walt and Roy Disney.
- 1973: Henry Kissinger is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for the part he took in the Paris Agreement that brought about a cease-fire in the Vietnam War.
- 1919: Electronics corporation Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is incorporated in New York City.
- 1931: Gangster Al Capone is convicted of income tax evasion.
- 1933: Albert Einstein emigrates to the United States.
- 1979: The Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services is created by the Department of Education Organization Act.
- 1867: The United States takes possession of Alaska after buying it from Russia for $7.2 million.
- 1898: The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico following the defeat of Spain in the Spanish-American War.
- 1789: John Jay is sworn in as the 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.